The International Harvester Scout is an off-road vehicle produced by International Harvester from 1961 to 1980.
A precursor of more sophisticated SUVs to come, it was created as a competitor to the Jeep, and it initially featured a fold-down windshield.
The Scout and second-generation Scout II were produced in Fort Wayne, Indiana, as two-door trucks with a removable hard top with options of a full-length roof, half-cab pickup, and/or soft top.
International Harvester began building trucks and pickups in 1907.
In 1953, it added a truck-based people carrier, the Travelall.
In the late 1950s, it began to design a competitor for the two-door Jeep CJ 4x4.
The 1961 model year Scout 80 made its debut in late 1960.
Its chief designer Ted Ornas later said: ..market potential for a four-wheel drive recreational vehicle was an unknown quantity in the early 1950s.
The only such vehicle offered in the post-war period was the Willys Jeep, a version of the military jeep produced for World War II.
It was a flat-sided bare-bones product, and American military personnel learned to appreciate its ability to maneuver over rough terrain. In early 1958, we were directed to develop a concept proposal to enter this small market of that time. Reese, manager of engineering, said 'design something to replace the horse.' There was no product definition to use as a guide.
It was even proposed to use the defunct Henry J body tooling.
Compound body surfaces were considered too far out for this type of vehicle.